• 防治研究 •

### 2015—2019年广西壮族自治区国家血吸虫病监测点螺情

1. 1 广西壮族自治区疾病预防控制中心（南宁530028）； 2 中国疾病预防控制中心寄生虫病预防控制所；3 广西壮族自治区靖西市疾病预防控制中心
• 出版日期:2021-04-30 发布日期:2021-04-30
• 作者简介:唐雯茜，主管医师。研究方向：寄生虫病防治

### Survey of Oncomelania hupensis in national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from 2015 to 2019

TANG Wen-Qian1, HUANG Keng-Ling1, SHI Yun-Liang1, Lü Guo-Li1, ZHANG Wei-Wei1, Lü Shan2, LIU Jian1, HUANG Wen-Jie1, JIANG Zhi-Hua1*

1. 1 Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanning 530028, China; 2 National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China; 3 Jingxi Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China
• Online:2021-04-30 Published:2021-04-30

Abstract: Objective　To investigate the distribution characteristics of Oncomelania hupensis in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, so as to provide insights into the assessment of the risk of schistosomiasis transmission and the scientific formulation of the schistosomiasis surveillance strategy. Methods　From 2015 to 2019, a total of 19 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites were assigned in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, including 4 fixed sites and 15 mobile sites. Snail survey was performed by means of systematic sampling in combination with environmental sampling, and the infection of Schistosoma japonicum was detected by the crushing method combined with loop?mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay. Results　From 2015 to 2019, snail habitats were detected at areas of 17 040 to 39 527 m2, including 6 214 m2 emerging snail habitats and 16 563 m2 re?emerging snail habitats. The overall mean density of living snails was 0.019 2 snails/0.1 m2 and the occurrence of frames with snails was 1.11% in the national schistosomiasis surveillance sites; however, no S. japonicum infection was identified in snails. The area of snail habitats increased by 121.46% in the national surveillance sites in 2019 as compared to that in 2015; however, 50.34% (Z = ?0.422, P > 0.05）and 42.85%（χ2 = 130.41, P < 0.01) reductions were seen in the overall means density of living snails and the occurrence of frames with snails. All snail habitats were distributed in the 4 fixed surveillance sites, and were mainly found in ditches, paddy fields and dry lands, with weeds as the primary vegetation type. Conclusions　There are still risk factors leading to re?emergent transmission of schistosomiasis in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, such as local snail spread, and the monitoring of schistosomiasis remains to be reinforced to further consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis elimination in the region.