This paper overviewed the national endemic situation of schistosomiasis in China in 2009. By the end of 2009, a total of 365 770 cases of schistosomiasis japonica were estimated with a decrease rate of 11.42%. A total of 77 acute cases were reported, increased by 35.09% compared to those in 2008. A total of 24282 advanced cases were treated in 2009, increased by 14.42% compared to that in 2008. About 372 358. 69 hm2 of areas infested with Oncomelania snail were found in 2009, and about 879.42 hm2 newly detected areas were reported. There were 1570300 cattle raised in schistosomiasis transmission regions increased by 6.91% compared to that in 2008. The infection rate of cattle was 1.03% in 2009, with a reduction rate of 23.13% comparing to that in 2008. Yunnan Province had reached the national criteria of transmission control in 2009, which indicated that all mountainous regions in the country had achieved the national criteria of transmission control.